Need Help? (866) 446-0872

Pallet Capacity Explained

image Robin Kiefer image August 19, 2016
blog-160721-pallet-capacity-hero

How Do I Determine A Plastic Pallet’s Weight Capacity?

Plastic pallet designs have many variations. The somewhat straightforward wood pallet design, simplified using PDS Pallet Design System software, offers much less design variation / innovation.

Ultimately, the decision making process is similar; always select your pallet design based on the requirements of your specific application.

When choosing a plastic pallet for your application, the manufacturer’s specifications must meet or surpass the cargo weight that is placed on the pallet.

Pallet Load Capacity Ratings

Specific load capacity ratings should be defined in your core requirements. Here are the three most important types of pallet load capacity types to know:

  1. Dynamic Load Capacity
  2. Static Load Capacity
  3. Racking Load Capacity

Understanding the 3 types of pallet load ratings is essential to selecting the proper plastic pallet; read on to learn everything you need to know about each one to master plastic pallet selection.

3 Plastic Pallet Load Ratings

Dynamic Load Capacity

Dynamic Load Capacity is the maximum evenly distributed weight a pallet can hold while being raised by a forklift or hand jack. If your workflow causes you to lift pallets (commonly with fork or jack); consider this your maximum weight capacity.

Tip: Remember, “dynamic” denotes activity or motion.

Pro Tip: This excludes conveyors, unless they lift the pallet upwards.

Static Load Capacity

Static Load Capacity is the measure of weight that the pallet can hold when it is at rest or in a fixed position on an even, level surface (also when stacked). Static Loads do not vary since cargo is static, or at rest.

Tip: Remember, a static pallet is a pallet at rest.

Pro Tip: Don’t get cute! Just because you are stacking individual pallet loads doesn’t mean you’re not exceeding capacity. Remember to calculate your total load based on the total weight your pallet is supporting (including other pallets).

Super Pro Tip: Because dynamic loads are subjected to additional forces, the Static Load Rating is always greater than Dynamic Load Rating.

Racking Load Capacity

Racking Load Capacity is the maximum weight a pallet can hold in a racking system (where the center and or/sides of the pallet is unsupported).

Tip: Think of Racking Load Capacity like a bridge’s weight capacity.

Pro Tip: Treat Racking Load ratings as estimates; variations in racking system designs can cause variations in a pallets working Racking Load Capacity.

Don’t Be That Guy

Don’t go over the maximum rating! Exceeding pallet load capacity ratings can cause the pallet to fail and break, potentially creating seriously undesirable consequences:

  • Employee Safety Hazards
  • Costly Inventory & Equipment Damage
  • Lost productivity

Tip: Keep your pallet specification sheets for reference.

Pro Tip: Don’t have your pallet’s specification sheet? Contact our Plastic Pallet Experts for help.

Read The Fine Print

Follow Pallet Loading Best Practices

A plastic pallet manufacturers calculated performance specifications are based on an evenly distributed load that covers the pallet’s entire top deck surface. If you follow weight distribution best practices, you should be able operate within the manufacturer’s load ratings.

Pallet Loading Mistakes Diminish Load Capacities

Some unit loads can cause the working load capacity to fall below the manufacturer’s load capacity.

Here are some loading missteps that can diminish or confuse a pallet’s working weight capacity:

  • Point Loading: Placing a concentrated load at specific point or area of a pallet (picture an engine block placed in the middle of a pallet) that does isn’t uniformly distributed across the pallet deck can cause deflection, pushing the internal deck height below the pallet edge height, diminishing unsupported racking capacity.
  • Pallet Stacking: Add It Up! When stacking pallets, be sure to consider the additional load caused by higher stack rows; the total load on lower stack layers is cumulative and continues to tally and include weight from upper pallet layers. Add all weight (pallets and all) that sits on top of a pallet when considering maximum load capacities.
  • Box Columns: Stacking boxes in uniform single columns on a pallet can also cause deflection and reduced cargo stability. Inappropriate shrink wrapping and strapping can further allow columns to spread out; a syndrome called “cauliflowering” as box columns spread out like a blooming cauliflower. Cauliflowering can cause pallet edges into the air, further decreasing stability.

Pro Tip: Stack boxes using “brick stacking” or “cross stacking” formations so the cargo moves as unit for more secure transport and minimize point loading.

  • Uneven Layers: Uneven cargo layers between pallets are a loading challenge. Layers of loose material stored in sacks can shift during palletization, causing uneven layering that results in stressed, twisted, point loaded pallet decks that may lack sufficient support due to the compromised working load capacity.

Hope that helps! For help in figuring out which plastic pallet is the most cost effective solution for your unit load and material handling environment, contact our friendly Plastic Pallet Experts.

Got a suggestion or question? We’d love to hear from you – what challenges or solutions have you encountered during your material handling adventures?

FSMA Food Safety Modernization Act & Plastic Pallets

image Robin Kiefer image April 27, 2016
Photo by Shimla Hills, http://blog.shimlahills.com/

The FDA’s FSMA Ruling on the Sanitary Transportation of Human and Animal Food is final.

The Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA) was signed into law on January 4, 2011.

On April 6, 2016 the FDA finalized its ruling on the Sanitary Transportation of Human and Animal Food.

This ruling establishes formal requirements for the sanitary transportation of food to eliminate, or at least reduce the incidence of, contamination.

This goal of this final ruling is top carry out further implementation of both the Sanitary Food Transportation Act of 2005 and the Food Safety Modernization Act of 2011.

How does the FSMA Sanitary Transportation of Human and Animal Food ruling make our world a better place?

The rule aims to prevent transportation practices that increase or create food safety risks, such as:

  • improper food refrigeration
  • inadequate vehicle cleaning between loads
  • improper food protection

Who does the Sanitary Transportation of Human and Animal Food ruling cover?

The ruling applies to these U.S. and foreign entities* involved with rail or motor food transportation within the U.S.:

  • Shippers
  • Receivers
  • Loaders

*Exporters shipping food through the U.S. to other destinations are exempt as long as the food doesn’t enter U.S. distribution.

FSMA and “One Way Solutions” have you covered!

What does this mean to the average business engaged in the food industry? In part, safety inspections will be both increased in number and in depth. As you may have already guessed, this will most assuredly bring additional costs and complexity to compliance of this act.

One of the main components of the act deals with sanitation in the handling and shipping of food products. Traditionally, the food industry has been dominated by the use of wood pallets in both storage and shipping due to their lower initial cost of purchase. Unfortunately, using wood pallets to handle food has inherent disadvantages that can b that plastic pallets do not.

Here are some of the main points of the Food Safety Modernization Act:

SEC. 103. HAZARD ANALYSIS AND RISK-BASED PREVENTIVE CONTROLS

“The owner, operator, or agent in charge of a facility shall, in accordance with this section, evaluate the hazards that could affect food manufactured, processed, packed, or held by such facility, identify and implement preventive controls to significantly minimize or prevent the occurrence of such hazards and provide assurances that such food is not adulterated under section 402 or misbranded under section 403(w).

SEC. 111. SANITARY TRANSPORTATION OF FOOD

“Food Transportation Study.–The Secretary, acting through the Commissioner of Food and Drugs, shall conduct a study of the transportation of food for consumption in the United States, including transportation by air, that includes an examination of the unique needs of rural and frontier areas with regard to the delivery of safe food.”

SEC. 303. AUTHORITY TO REQUIRE IMPORT CERTIFICATIONS FOR FOOD.

“With respect to an article of food, if importation of such food is subject to, but not compliant with, the requirement under subsection (q) that such food be accompanied by a certification or other assurance that the food meets applicable requirements of this Act, then such article shall be refused admission.”

While specific details are still hard to come by, in terms of the exact sanitary standards derived from the Food Safety Modernization Act, evidence can be found on how plastic pallets provide a clear advantage over wood pallets in complying with the act.

Wood Pallets have the uncanny ability to absorb pretty much every type of liquid or non-solid substance that is placed or spilled on them. While in other industries this may not seem like a big problem, absorbent wood pallets used within the food industry create a number of opportunities for food transported and stored on these pallets to become unsanitary and dangerous. This article on News-Medical.net describes a case of food poisoning caused by wood pallets.

FSMA Absorbent Wood Pallets Unfit for Food Handling

Photo by Shimla Hills, http://blog.shimlahills.com/

What is the compliance deadline date for the final FSMA Act Ruling?

Small Businesses

Small business (less than 500 employees and carriers with less than $27.5 million in annual revenue) get a break to ease the burden of compliance and have up to April 6, 2018 to meet compliance, two years after the April 6, 2016 Federal Register publication date.

Other Non-Exempt Businesses

All other non-exempt businesses must meet compliance standards as early as April 6 2017, one year from the the Federal Register April 6, 2016 publication date.

What should companies do about the new FSMA Act Ruling?

Obviously the new FSMA ruling takes a more solid stance on sanitary food transportation requirements to reduce the risk and incidence of food contamination due to improper material handling practices.

The FDA FSMA Food Safety Technical Assistance Network provides information to help businesses reach compliance.

For our pallet customers, we focus on the following advice:

Transportation equipment, such as pallets, must be adequately cleanable.

Luckily, there is a solution to this challenge. Plastic pallets are non-porous, and easily cleanable. Some of the plastic FDA pallets are even designed specifically with food safety in mind.

While this is a clear advantage over wood pallets, there additional reasons plastic pallets are a natural choice for handling and transporting food:

  • Plastic pallets come in a consistent format/shape/size that helps prevent any sharp edges or splinters that could otherwise cause food bags to rip or rupture and spill.
  • Metal nails are not a problem; custom molded plastic pallets don’t use them.
  • Finally, Plastic pallets are designed to be able to be cleaned/sanitized using extremely high water temperatures that help kill of bacteria, mold, viruses, and other pathogens.

Need A Second Opinion about Wood Pallets & Handling Food?

Here’s a positive Food Safety Magazine article that further details how plastic pallets are ideal for shipping and storing food: http://www.foodsafetymagazine.com/index.cfm/signature-series/plastic-pallets-a-safe-play-for-food/

FSMA Broken Wood Pallets Unfit for Food Handling

Photo by Mdornseif – Creative Commons

Businesses, as a result, are switching to plastic pallets in record numbers as they try to meet these new requirements for food handling.

We’ve Got You Covered

To meet with the emergent demand from the Food industry, One Way Solutions, are leading the way in the sale of plastic pallets and FDA plastic pallets.

With 7+ FDA Pallets and containers to choose from, One Way Solutions has you covered.

To shop the full For more information about One Way Solutions and their plastic pallets, click on the following link: http://oneway-solutions.com

Looking For More Best Practices?

Check out our recent article on Listeria Bacteria & Plastic Pallets.

Thanks Palletizers! Please let me know what you think about plastic pallets, FSMA, or anything else on your mind.

Benefits of Plastic Bulk Containers

image Robin Kiefer image November 17, 2015
151117-blog-container-bins

Plastic Bins – Hard To Find, But Easy To Love!

Bins, Bulk Containers, Plastic Skid Boxes; What’s The Diff?

Locating a plastic bin supplier online can take some doing. The material handling world knows this product by many different names. Try googling “plastic bins” and “plastic containers”- you’re more likely to find products suited to refrigerating leftover meatloaf, optimizing home closet space, and sorting out fasteners alongside your garage workbench. Bed, Bath, and BeGone!

These residential bins and containers share common nomenclature with industrial plastic bulk containers, but that’s where the similarities end.

What Makes Plastic Bulk Containers Special?

Bulk containers, or container bins, are industrial strength shipping boxes specially designed to safely transport both raw materials and finished goods along the different stages of the supply chain.

Reliable plastic bulk containers are essential to any industry that cannot afford waste and inefficiency as products are transported from the manufacturing plant to the floor of the retail store.

Returnable Container Bins

Closed loop distribution, processing, and manufacturing systems rely on returnable, reusable packing to limit replacement cost and improve throughput.

Return Ratio?

Collapsible Bulk Containers are particularly helpful due to their high Return Ratio. Once a container bin has unloaded at its destination, it can be consolidated with other empty bins into a smaller cargo area and returned to the start of closed loop- the beginning of the supply chain.

Return Ratio calculations are made by taking the ratio of the number of collapsed containers that can be shipped in the space of one upright container.

The greater the return ratio, the greater the return shipping cost savings.

Example: A 3:1 container return ratio means that three containers can be shipped in the space of one container during return shipment.

Bulk Containers Are Strong

Broken containers can halt production and distribution of products, resulting in angry customers, lost business, and inflated manufacturing costs.

A proper plastic bin is formulated from tough polyethylene and polypropylene resins to create a tough, shatter-resistant bin that will not fail during transport and storage.

And durability doesn’t necessary mean that the plastic pallet boxes are overweight; some bulk containers are made from high-density structural foam and can be lifted with one finger!

Bulk Containers Are Stackable

Stackable Bulk Containers allow shippers to optimize costly transport and storage space, limiting costs for more profitable operations.

Bulk Containers Have ForkEntries

Bulk containers that include 4-Way forklift & pallet jack fort entries allow them to be quickly and securely loaded and moved without delay or spillage.

What Industries Use Bulk Containers?

The automotive, food processing, and agricultural industries rely on bulk containers to provide reliable material movement.

Plastic containers are a natural choice for handling food processing since they can be steam-cleaned for simple sanitization.

Just The Beginning

Thanks for reading our quick introduction to plastic bins and containers.

No matter what you call them; shipping boxes, plastic skid boxes, bulk bins etc, One Way Solutions can help you find the best container for your needs, at an unbeatable price.

How have plastic containers helped you meet your material handling challenges? 

Please share your comments- we’d love to hear from you!

Blue Bell Listeria Outbreak Linked To Wood Pallets

image Robin Kiefer image May 21, 2015
Listeria Bacteria

 Using sanitary production and handling practices in the food industry should be standard operating procedure; but some members of the food industry members are still using primitive equipment that is ill-suited for the application.

Problems related to unsanitary food handling conditions aren’t just a matter of best practices; it has an impact on public health.

Blue Bell Creameries Listeria Outbreak

Listeria Bacteria

This year, three deaths in Kansas and many more illnesses were linked to Blue Bell Creameries products.

Inadequate cleaning and handling practices, including the use of filthy, porous wood pallets allowed Listeria bacteria to pass into the Blue Bell Creameries products that were later distributed and sold to consumers.

Looking for the whole scoop? Read the AP Press full length article on the Blue Bell Creameries Listeria outbreak here.

And the Blue Bell Creameries Outbreak isn’t the only time Listeriosis has taken lines. In 2011, listeria bacteria in cantaloupes was linked to 30 deaths in the United States.

How Do Wood Pallets Spread Contaminants?

Pallets made from wood can be less expensive, but present many challenges to upholding sanitary food handling practices.

Unfortunately, wood pallets spread contaminants and pathogens because they are designed to harbor nastiness:

  1. Wood pallets are naturally porous and absorbent
  2. Wood pallets are difficult to clean
  3. Wood pallets splinter, causing cuts, scrapes, and punctures to the bodies of materials handling professionals, increasing the likelihood for the spread of bodily fluids and blood borne pathogens.

What You Need To Know About Listeria Bacteria

* Listeria bacteria occurs naturally in water and soil; so safeguard your operations.

* Listeriosis, the infection caused by Listeria, can be deadly; don’t take it lightly.

* Common sources of listeria are deli meats, meat spreads, unpasteurized dairy, and raw sprouts.

* At-risk groups: The elderly, pregnant women, organ transplant recipients taking anti-rejection drugs, and individuals with weakened immune systems.

Preventing Pathogens From Contaminating Food Products.

Listeria Outbreaks Are Serious. How can the food industry prevent Listeria contamination and outbreaks?

Clean Up Your Act!

Clean and be clean. Unsafe and unsanitary material handling equipment and practices can lead to illness and death. And for the materials handling professionals out there, we have one very specific recommendation.

Stop Using Unsanitary Wood Pallets

Plastic pallets are the ideal choice for the food industry; some models are even approved by the FDA. One Way solutions carries many different FDA approved pallets, perfect for the food, beverage, and pharmaceutical industries.

What is more costly? Investing in plastic pallets – or:

* losing consumer trust in your brand

* paying for product recalls

* taking human lives

To learn more or receive a competitive quotation, please visit the FDA plastic pallet category on our website here.

Do It Right – Jeni’s Ice Cream Listeria Scare

Follow Your Food Testing Protocols!

Follow your listeria testing protocols and monitoring/testing intervals closely to make sure you are in compliance. Jeni’s Ice Cream’s testing habits detected the presence of listeria in its products before the ice cream was served to consumers.

Be Honest!

Although Jeni’s Ice Cream found listeria in its products twice in 2015, it quickly and clearly communicated with the press and online audience to discuss the steps it was taking to resolve the issue.

Jen’s CEO John Lowe penned a personal letter describing their dedication to the quality of their ice cream and the safety of their customers.

“While we would most certainly prefer that Listeria never enter our facility, we do take solace in the fact that our protocols and testing have worked” – Jeni’s CEO John Lowe

Jeni’s Ice Cream apologized further for closing their ice cream shops; but good news was soon to follow – the stores reopened just in time for the warmer months of summer.

All right palletizers!

Thanks for reading my article. Please leave your comments and let me know how you keep your operations clean and safe.

– Robin

Plastic Pallet Freight Savings & And a sale!

image Andy Pigott image February 20, 2015

Greetings – I hope your 2015 is off to a great start.

I noticed something recently that I’m sure you’ll be interested in… and after all, who doesn’t like to save money?

Plastic Pallet Freight Savings

Improve Operational Efficiency by Reducing Inbound Freight Expenses

Plastic pallet shipping prices can be costly. Don’t let these expenses go unnoticed! Shipping expenses impact the bottom line profitably of your organization and should be kept in mind when you receive quotes from other plastic pallet manufacturers.

Concerned about true pallet replacement costs? Be sure to account for inbound freight expenses!

Order Pallets In Volume to Reduce Transportation Costs

Did you know you could save as much as $10 PER pallet, JUST on SHIPPING costs alone by ordering in volume?

When ordering plastic pallets and pallet containers in higher volume, especially by truckload, you can enjoy quantity pricing discounts and save up to 93% on per unit freight charges!

Check out these plastic pallet freight savings:
blog-table

Our Plastic Pallet Sale is on!

Also, One Way has unbeatable truckload pricing incentives on nestable pallets, stackable pallets, rackable pallets, and export pallets- all good through March 20, 2015!

Please contact me for a quote and advice on how to select the perfect plastic pallet.

– Andy Pigott
apigott@oneway-solutions.com
866-446-0872

PS. What’s the greatest challenge you face for your material handling operations? Let me know – I’m here to help.

One Way Solutions Christmas Sale CANCELLED!

image Brian Pigott image December 22, 2014

 OWS-EmailPromo-12-19-2015

This December, instead of the usual news & offers, we simply want to say thank you and wish you a very Merry Christmas, Season’s Greetings, and Happy New Year.

Sincerely,

Team One Way Solutions & GoPallet

 

 

Still not signed up for the One Way Solutions Newsletter?

Here’s what you missed in the November 2014 edtion!

Get all the latest deals from One Way Solutions on your inbox every month! Sign up today!

* Email
 First Name
 Last Name
* = Required Field


Email Marketing You Can Trust 

Here are this month’s items: (more…)

Three New Years Resolutions To Make For Your Warehouse In 2015

image Brian Pigott image December 10, 2014
2153422313_e36f17fdfb_z

Efficiency in the warehouse is critical when it comes to a company’s bottom line. Keeping accurate inventory counts and moving product in and out on time and on schedule is only part of the strategy. Improving safety, rewarding employee efforts, and maximizing labor-hour productivity is always important.

For the coming year, think about what changes might need to be made in order for the warehouse operation to run like a well-oiled machine. (more…)

One Way Solutions Newsletter – November 2014

image Brian Pigott image November 30, 2014

Still not signed up for the One Way Solutions Newsletter?

Here’s what you missed in the November 2014 edtion!

Get all the latest deals from One Way Solutions on your inbox every month! Sign up today!

* Email
 First Name
 Last Name
* = Required Field


Email Marketing You Can Trust 

Here are this month’s items: (more…)

Preparing Your Warehouse For The Holiday Season

image Brian Pigott image November 18, 2014
318328519_95a1f031e3_z

If you haven’t look at your calendar in a while, then you may be surprised to hear that it is, in fact, November.

That’s right, we’re officially in the home stretch leading up to the holiday shopping season. There may even be a few early bird shoppers who are already checking names off of their lists.

So if you still haven’t begun preparing your warehouse for this annual rush, you’re really pushing it. Fact is, you should have started yesterday. (more…)

More Awesome Wooden Pallet Furniture

image Brian Pigott image November 7, 2014

We’ve said it before and we’ll say it again: Wooden pallets are great for a lot of things.

For shipping? Eh, maybe. Not as good as plastic pallets, and not as durable, but in a pinch they might work.

For making furniture? Well, sorry plastic pallets, but your wooden brothers have you beat there.

Case in point, now you can get designer furniture made from recycled wooden pallets. And here’s the craziest part: It looks pretty good.

Check it out.

Part of the appeal is that this furniture is really just made from the pallet wood, and doesn’t really try to keep the structure of the pallet intact.

But that’s a small technicality, and doesn’t detract from the fact that this is still some pretty slick furniture that’s made from recycled wood.

It’s just a shame that plastic pallets are so good at their intended function.

One Way Solutions

Follow Us